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ANCASH - Huamacchuco  3 days / 2 nights (VIV03)
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DAY 1:
Arrival at Huaraz and transfer to the community of Humacchuco.
Welcome in the Host Andean House:
We will then move to the host house in the community of Humaccucho, where a great welcome party awaits including mate de coca that will help in the acclimatizing process.

Getting to know the chacra of the rural family:
During the afternoon, we will accommodate in our hosting houses and the host of the rural family will take us to know their chacras and we will join them in removing the earth of potato sown fields, activity known as aporque. Later, we will stop to have lunch prepared by the countrymen.

Dinner and rest.

We will get up at dawn and take a comforting breakfast, which will help us begin the hike to the Huytapallana ravine. This route is very helpful in order to adapt ourselves to the height, and, even though it is very ancient, its preservation is excellent and it is widely used by local people to get ice from the glacier. During our trip we will visit the following places:

Keushu Ruins: Archaeological complex dating to the Wari culture period. The buildings we will inspect were used for domesticating and breeding auquenidos.

Eucalyptus Forest: The eucalyptus was first introduced in Peru by Jesuit missioners at the beginning of the 20th century. In the present day, its wood is used for fuel, furniture and construction.

Andenes: We will watch some andenes built in pre-Inca periods, which were used to supply water in a complex agricultural system.

Chullpa: It is a communitarian graveyard where we will be able to see human bone remains. The skulls were collected due to the local belief in protection against robbery.

Viewpoint and Current Waterways: We will be able to see Keushu and the Huarcca and Humacchuco areas. This waterway provides water to the low-land population and it is more than 100 years old.

Rodal de Chacpá and Alisal:When we enter the ravine, there is a big rodal Chacpa, a bush that can grow in poor soil and scarce water. The bark fiber is used to weave baskets. We will also see different bird species.

Quenual Forest: At the base of the mountains, the Quenual Forests grow, thus creating an important ecosystem in the whole Andean range. They depend on the water that comes from the glaciers and help to preserve it. They provide housing and refuge to birds and mammals such as bears and deer.

Use of Ice: We will see and go with the locals to the base of the glaciar in order to extract ice for selling it at the market in Yungay.

Keushu Ruins: this building dates back to around 1500 AD. Some sources point out leaders from ancient towns in the area used to live in this part of the ruins, and they held rituals and ceremonies in the plaza.

Return and accommodation in the rural houses.

After an early breakfast, we will begin our walk to the Lagoon 69, one of the most popular for those who love adventure. It is a great opportunity to see the mountains really close. The ascension is around 2,300 ft, reaching 15,157 ft high. During the trip, we will visit the following attractions:

Cebolla Pampa: The fields of Llanganuco ravine are used by the countrymen, who possess 150 heads of cattle. To be able to use the pastures, the comuneros must participate in annual campaigns for reforestation and greenhouse up keeping.

Forest of Quishuar: Indigenous tree, which forms a small rodal in this area (some people say there were more of them in the past). It was used as fuel and construction resource, however, due to the excessive exploitation, only a few remain in the whole White Range.

Medicinal Plants – Huamanpinta and Escorzonera: On the most steeped slopes, we can find this medicinal plants, which are used by the locals as diuretic and to relieve the cough.

Glaciers and ravine formation: They have an antiquity of 20,000 years. They were formed during the last ice age, 14,000 years ago. Through the history imprinted on the ice, we are able to know there were many changes in temperature and rainfall. In the present, temperature is rising and rainfall decreasing, that is why glaciers are melting and retreating.

Tzakra (High Pasture): In the White Range, cattle grazes in areas as high as 16,404 ft. above sea level. However, depredation caused by pumas and foxes is easily noticeable. The cattle shares these pastures with wild animals such as deer and vicuñas.

Lagoon 69 Viewpoint: From here we can see Lagoon 69 and the snowcapped summits of Chacraraju, Huascaran, Huandoy and Pisco. We are at 15,157 ft. above sea-level. This is the habitat of the Andean condor, the largest flying bird in the world.

After the walk, we will get our luggage ready to return to Huaraz, and there to take the bus back to Lima.

It does not include:

Transport from Lima to Huaraz nor from Huaraz to Lima
The cost for an additional night includes all meals for that day
The activities mentioned in the program may change according to seasonality or the specific activity carried out by each family



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